Healthy eyes and vision are a critical part of every human's development. Our eyes should be examined regularly, as many vision problems and eye diseases can be detected and treated early, and also keep our vision intact.
There are many tips, steps and procedures you can do to keep your child's eyes healthy and seeing clearly from birth through the teen years up-to their adult age.
Tips to help protect your child's eyesight:
Eat right both during pregnancy and after. Your baby will be healthier and you will set a good example.
Provide nutritious meals with fruits, vegetables, nuts, and up to 12 ounces a week of fish. These foods contain key antioxidants and nutrients such as vitamin C, vitamin, E, zinc, omega-3 fatty acids, and lutein, which are linked to eye health. (Buy fish such as salmon, shrimp, canned light tuna, catfish, or pollock. Young children should avoid shark, swordfish, mackerel, or tilefish because they contain high levels of mercury.)
Provide your child with age-appropriate toys that are free from sharp edges.
Give your child toys that encourage visual development.
Watch your baby for signs that the eyes are crossed or turned out.
Look at your baby for any haziness or clouding in the pupil.
Provide sun protection when outdoors by means of shelter or UV coated lenses, especially if your child's eyes are light in color.
Be an example to your child by wearing the proper protective athletic gear when playing sports.
Have your child's eyes examined regularly, particularly during infancy and childhood.
Routine medical exams for Childs' vision include:
Newborns should be checked for general eye health by a pediatrician or family physician in the hospital nursery.
High-risk newborns (including premature infants), those with a family history of eye problems, and those with obvious eye irregularities should be examined by an eye doctor.
In the first year of life, all infants should be routinely screened for eye health during checkups with their paediatrician or family doctor.
Around age 3½, kids should have eye health screenings and visual acuity tests (tests that measure sharpness of vision) with their pediatrician or family doctor.
Around age 5, kids should have their vision and eye alignment checked by their pediatrician or family doctor. Those who fail either test should be examined by an eye doctor.
After age 5, routine screenings should be done at school and the primary doctor's office, and if symptoms such as squinting or frequent headaches occur. (Many times, a teacher will notice that a child isn't seeing well in class.)
Kids who wear prescription glasses or contacts should have annual checkups by an eye doctor to screen for vision changes.
HOW TO SPOTS EYE PROBLEM IN YOUR CHILD:
Watch your child for signs of poor vision or crossed eyes. If you notice any eye problems signs as listed below, have your child examined right away so that the problem doesn't become permanent. If caught early, eye conditions often can be corrected.
Signs that a child may have vision problems include:
constant eye rubbing
extreme light sensitivity
poor visual tracking (following an object)
abnormal alignment or movement of the eyes (after 6 months of age)
chronic redness of the eyes
chronic tearing of the eyes
a white pupil instead of black
In school-age children, other signs to watch for include:
being unable to see objects at a distance
having trouble reading the blackboard
sitting too close to the TV
PS: At Chadderton we offer free NHS eye tests for children 16 years & under.
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